Actor or Actress: Job Duties, Career Outlook, and Educational Requirements
Research what it takes to become an actor or actress. Learn about salary, career outlook and education requirements to find out if this is the career for you. Schools offering Film degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information At a Glance
Many actors and actresses start their careers by performing in plays or related performances. Formal training is optional, but often pursued. A summary of career information is provided in the table below.
|Education Required||Long-term training, but postsecondary classes or a bachelor's degree is suggested|
|Education Field of Study||Acting, theater, film|
|Key Skills||Public speaking, memorization, reading, physical stamina|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||4% (for all actors)*|
|Median Hourly Salary (2013)||$22.15 (for all actors)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Are the Job Duties of Actors and Actresses?
Actors and actresses bring characters to life to entertaining an audience. In this career, you must memorize lines and actions from a script and perform them in the manner of the character you're portraying. This job requires you to research characters, study script dialogue and rehearse performances so you may give an accurate character portrayal. You may confer with other actors and directors as to the emotions, gestures and facial expressions your character might display. Depending upon what is called for in the script, you may deliver comedic performances or be required to act, sing and dance in a production.
What is the Career Outlook?
Hiring of actors and actresses was expected to increase by approximately 4% between 2012 and 2022, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov). Acting jobs were expected to rise as interactive media and online movies become more mainstream. Many people enter this field seeking fame and fortune, but often they go on to other fields because of long work hours, sporadic acting jobs and meager wages. This trend may produce a steady stream of work for the most dedicated performers.
What Education Should I Attain?
While natural talents are important and are sometimes sufficient for acquiring acting jobs, preparing for an acting career may be done by obtaining formal education. You can enroll in a bachelor's degree program in theater or radio and television broadcasting. A theater course load might cover topics such as voice and body improvisation, play analysis, technical aspects of the theater and acting for the camera. A radio and television program of study might include classes such as media production, electronic media management, mass communications and television production.
You may also consider acquiring an advanced degree, such as a Master of Fine Arts in Performing Arts, which may be beneficial if you'd like to become a stage actor. A typical curriculum might offer courses such as graduate studio, professional practice, costume design, scene design and sound production.
Education is helpful in some cases, but typically, experience is what will help you remain competitive when trying to land a job. You may consider building a portfolio, which allows you to show proof of your abilities to future producers, directors and casting agents. You may gain valuable acting experience and perfect your acting skills through performing in high school, university, and local theater productions.
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