Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA): What Are the Educational Requirements?

Certified nurse assistants (CNAs) work with other medical personnel to care for patients in a variety of medical settings. Learn more about the education and training requirements, job duties and necessary skills for this career. Schools offering Nursing degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

What Education and Training Do I Need to Become a CNA?

You'll need to complete an accredited CNA program to work as a CNA in your state. Most CNA programs range from 75 to 150 hours and include classroom coursework and practical training. Topics of study might include medical terminology, body systems, nursing assistant duties, communication skills and patient care techniques. Graduates are usually awarded a certificate of completion. Vocational schools, community colleges and some chapters of the Red Cross offer CNA training. Additionally, hospitals and clinics sometimes offer on-the-job training programs for CNAs. You'll need a high school diploma or GED (General Educational Development) certificate to enroll in most CNA programs.

After you complete your training program, you'll need to pass a competency examination in order to be added to your state's registry of CNAs. Licensure and certification requirements vary by state, so you may need to meet additional educational or training requirements.

What Job Duties Will I have?

As a CNA, you'll assist medical staff and care for patients in settings such as hospitals, rehabilitation clinics and nursing homes. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), some of your duties might include serving meals, making beds, changing bedpans, monitoring vital signs and helping patients dress and bathe (www.bls.gov).You could also assist doctors and nurses by taking a patient's temperature, blood pressure and pulse rate.

What Skills Do I Need?

According to the National Network of Career Nursing Assistants, CNAs provide up to 90% of the direct care provided to residents of long-term care facilities, which is far more personal contact than most health care professionals (www.cna-network.org). Because you'll be spending a considerable amount of time with patients, you'll need excellent communication skills, emotional stability and the ability to work in a team setting. You're likely to encounter terminally ill and elderly patients as a CNA, so you'll also need to enjoy working with people and have a compassionate, caring attitude.

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