Become a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 5 Steps
Licensed professional clinical counselors help clients with family situations, substance abuse or stress while developing and implementing therapeutic treatment plans for their well being. They may also refer clients to supportive services. Clinical counselors need a master's degree in counseling and a license to practice. Continue reading for a guide to entering this career field. Schools offering Mental Health Counseling degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Step 1: Research Career Duties and Educational Requirements
Licensed professional clinical counselors interview clients for medical history and other pertinent information. They observe and determine abnormal physical or mental behavior then administer tests to determine behavior traits. They plan and implement therapeutic treatments, such as behavior modification and stress management, to help clients control problems. Licensed professional clinical counselors must have a graduate degree in professional counseling before they are eligible to take a state licensing exam required for practice.
Step 2: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
You'll need an undergraduate degree to apply to a graduate program, so you may consider earning a bachelor's degree related to counseling, such as a Bachelor of Science in Psychology or a Bachelor of Science in Social Work. These programs develop your understanding of how human development, psychological and social issues are related to mental health disorders.
Step 3: Complete a Master's Degree Program in Professional Counseling
The American Counseling Association identifies two types of counseling training programs. The first type is competency based, which emphasizes course content, theoretical lecture and examinations to determine understanding of materials. The second is experienced based, which emphasizes experience training through group work, skill development and self-evaluation. Either type of program you choose should be accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs. Ensure that your program prepares you to become a licensed professional clinical counselor in your state.
Some example names of programs you might enroll in are a Master of Arts (MA) in Counseling with a specialization in licensed professional clinical counselor/marriage and family therapy or a MA in Psychology with a concentration in professional clinical counseling. Some programs prepare you for licensure as both a licensed professional clinical counselor (LPCC) and a marriage and family therapist (MFT). In addition to coursework, programs also typically include field work and clinical work. Classes you may take include:
- Psychological assessment
- Individual counseling
- Group counseling
- Community mental health
- Counseling for children and families
- Cultural diversity in counseling
- Sexual disorder counseling
- Substance abuse counseling
Step 4: Receive Certification and Licensing Credentials
Once you have completed your master's program, you can receive national certification as a professional counselor by passing the Counselor Preparation Comprehensive Examination (CPCE) developed by the Center for Credentialing and Education. The CPCE assesses your knowledge of counseling information and is a critical component of over 240 university programs. The CPCE is also affiliated with the National Board of Certified Counselors.
You can obtain a license after earning a master's degree and passing the CPCE. The American Association of State Counseling Boards reports that obtaining your license requires a college transcript and documentation of supervised clinical experience. You may also need letters of recommendation and any other state requirements, such as a resume, certifications and other licensing credentials.
Step 5: Get a Job
Licensed professional clinical counselors can find employment in a variety of work environments, including mental health organizations, hospitals, substance abuse treatment facilities and outpatient care centers. You could also go into private practice.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the mental health counseling field is expected to experience a 29% increase in employment equating to 36,700 new jobs in the 2012-2022 decade. Job growth is partly due to a rising number of people whose insurance covers mental health treatments and to a growing veteran population who will need mental care. As of 2012, the average annual salary for mental health counselors was $43,290. Some higher paying industries include state governments ($55,260 average salary) and social advocacy organizations ($52,720 average salary), listed by the BLS.
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