Cosmetology: Become a Cosmetologist in 5 Steps
Cosmetologists are licensed beauty care specialists who are trained to provide services such as facials, nail care and makeup applications; they may also color, cut and style hair. Most states require that cosmetologists obtain licensure to practice within that state. Schools offering Aromatherapy degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Step 1: Researching Cosmetology Career Duties and Education
Cosmetologists offer an array of beauty services to their clients, including shampooing, coloring, cutting and styling of the hair and wig and hairpieces. Cosmetologists may also advise clients on how to properly care and maintain hair or how to lighten and darken the hair. Some cosmetologists specialize in other beauty care regimens such as manicures, pedicures, facials and scalp treatments. Many states require cosmetologists to hold a high school diploma or GED in order to become licensed through a state-approved cosmetology school.
Step 2: Begin a Cosmetology School Program
Before one qualifies to obtain a cosmetology license, he or she must first apply to and complete a cosmetology school program from a community college, vocational school or an accredited cosmetology school. Most cosmetology school programs can be completed within nine to 24 months. Students receive training in hairstyling, personal appearance, skin care, and sales and marketing.
Step 3: Get Additional Training through an Apprenticeship
Apprenticeships allow cosmetologists to receive additional hands-on training from licensed cosmetologists. They allow aspiring cosmetologists to learn the daily activities of the profession and to interact with the public in order to build a clientele and a portfolio while they are gaining experience.
Step 4: Enroll in a Basic Business Management Course
Most cosmetologists aspire to run their own practices in the future. Therefore, taking a business class with an emphasis on entrepreneurship and financing will help students learn what it will take to open their own salon; bookkeeping, accounting, marketing and management are other business skills that will be put to use when cosmetologists make the leap to business owner.
Step 5: Become Licensed
Cosmetologists must be licensed in the states where they practice. Licensing involves an exam that tests the applicant's knowledge through a practical hands-on exam and a written examination. Some states require separate licenses for skin care specialists, manicurist and pedicurists.
To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below: