How Can I Become a Nail Technician?

A nail technician specializes in providing beauty treatments for fingernails and toenails. Learn about the training and licensure required as well as salary ranges in different states and employment outlook. Schools offering Culinary Arts degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

What Should I Study to Become a Nail Technician?

Several different educational paths can prepare you to become a professional nail technician. Some employers merely require you to have a high school diploma and will provide you with on-the-job training. Other employers will require you to complete a nail technician training program before seeking a job as a manicurist. Community colleges, technical colleges and beauty schools offer nail technician programs that lead to a certificate of completion. Make sure that the school you choose is an accredited or state-approved cosmetology school.

Training should provide you with knowledge about basic nail and cuticle health, nail disease recognition, nail products and nail treatments. You'll also learn about sanitation, cleanliness, sterilization, disinfection and safety procedures. Some programs also provide courses related to customer service skills, business management, finance, business law and scheduling. Such courses could prepare you to eventually open your own nail technician service.

Do I Need Licensure?

Every state in the country requires nail technicians and other cosmetologists to gain licensure before they can work legally. The requirements for gaining licensure vary from state to state, so you should check with your state board that regulates licensure before you set out to begin training as a nail technician. Many states require you to complete an approved nail technician training program and pass an examination before you can be fully licensed.

What are the Job Duties and Outlook for This Career?

As a nail technician, your daily tasks b include smoothing nails, buffing away dead skin, soaking hands, pushing back cuticles and cleaning tools. Whether you choose to apply nail extensions or work with the natural nails, you'll typically apply an undercoat of polish, polish and a nail hardener.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics anticipates an increase of 19% in employment opportunities for manicurists between 2008 and 2018 ( This means the U.S. could see an addition of over 14,000 jobs in the industry. As of May 2010, manicurists made an average salary of $22,060. The five top-paying states for manicurists were Iowa, Vermont, Tennessee, North Dakota and Oregon.

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