How Can I Become a Sign Language Interpreter?
Sign language interpreters facilitate communication between deaf and hearing people. Learn about requirements for this career, including education options and job duties. Schools offering Communications degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
What Education Will I Need to Become a Sign Language Interpreter?
While most employers only require experience and certification, formal training programs in ASL or interpreter training can help prepare you for a career in sign language interpretation. Although certificate and associate's degree programs are most common, bachelor's and graduate degree programs are also available. These programs offer courses in ASL, interpreting, deaf culture, comparative linguistics, sign tuning and deaf literature. Be aware that sign language interpreters should also have thorough knowledge of the cultures of both the deaf and hearing communities.
Once you're comfortable with your knowledge of ASL and deaf culture, you may apply to test for certification. Several levels of certification are available through the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf (RID) and the National Association of the Deaf (NAD). Once certified, you'll need to maintain your certification by participating in continuing education and paying annual RID or NAD membership fees.
How Do I Gain Work Experience?
It will be necessary to perfect and develop your interpretation skills, and the best way to do this by acquiring work experience. Some ways you can do this are by joining a sign language group, tutoring ASL students or volunteering your interpreting services at community events. You can also work with community organizations, such as the American Red Cross. You'll probably need between two and five years of signing experience to qualify for many jobs.
What Job Duties Might I Have?
As a sign language interpreter, you'll use a combination of body language, facial expressions and finger spelling techniques to facilitate communications between hearing and deaf persons. You might provide expressive (voice to sign) interpretation, or you might utilize a method called Signing Exact English (SEE). Also, you can choose to specialize in tactile signing, which involves manually signing directly into the hands of individuals who are both blind and deaf, or you may specialize in oral interpreting, which is designed for deaf people who read lips rather than sign. You might sign for deaf parents when they need to communicate with the staff of their children's schools, or you could provide interpreting services in places such as courtrooms or medical facilities.
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