How Do I Earn a Barber's License?
Earning a barber's license usually entails completion of high school or its equivalent, along with graduation from a state-approved barbering school. For more licensing information, keep reading. Schools offering Culinary Arts degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Barber's License Requirements
In order to qualify for a barber's license, most states require that you hold a high school diploma or GED credential. Many state licensure boards for barbers have a minimum age requirement and mandate that you complete a certain number of hours in a state-approved barbering program. Because state licensure requirements vary, you may wish to check with your state's board of barbering and cosmetology to ensure you meet the necessary requirements.
Training Programs and Coursework
Barber training programs can be found in vocational schools and community colleges in the form of diploma, certificate and associate's degree programs. Some states allow you to train as an apprentice to a licensed barber and earn a small wage while building skills and experience. In general, these programs can be completed within 1-2 years.
As a student, you'll learn how to provide hair care services, such as trimming, cutting and shampooing hair for mainly male customers. You'll work with multiple kinds of hair - including hairpieces, weaves and wigs - and learn common approaches for styling. Important safety and sanitation techniques, basic skin care, nail care and shaving techniques will also be taught. Most diploma programs provide some business training as well, including sales, shop management and customer service.
License Exam Information
States require between 200-2,000 hours of combined training and education in order to qualify to take the barbering licensure exam. Exams usually includes two sections: a written test and a hands-on styling or practical test. In general, the written portion takes 1-2 hours and consists of multiple-choice questions testing your knowledge of hair care skills, safety and sanitation techniques. The practical exam portion may take longer, and it usually requires you to demonstrate your skills on a live model.
Employment and Salary Info
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of barbers was expected to grow 11% from 2012-2022, which is about average compared to all other occupations. As a licensed barber, you may start your career renting a station in a salon, building your skills and establishing a clientele. With experience, many barbers open their own shops. The BLS reported that the average salary for barbers in 2013 was $27,710, and the top 10% of earners were paid $44,190 or more that year.
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