How to Become a Police Officer in 5 Steps

You'll need to have at least a high school diploma before qualifying for police academy training, and you may want to consider completing some college education before pursuing this career. Take a more in-depth look at the steps to becoming a police officer, and get some info about advancement opportunities in the law enforcement field. Schools offering Law Enforcement degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

What is a Police Officer?

Local governments and state agencies employ police officers to protect the properties and lives of the public. Their job involves pursuing and apprehending criminals, writing tickets and patrolling precincts. They also maintain reports about their activities. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), police officers can specialize in certain fields or units, such as firearms training, motorcycle patrol and emergency response (www.bls.gov).

Step 1: Finish High School

A high school diploma is the minimum educational prerequisite to become a police officer. The College Board, an organization that connects students with educational opportunities, suggests that future law enforcement officers take classes in math, science and psychology while in high school (www.collegeboard.com). The physical aspects of the occupation may be demanding, so you're encouraged to take physical fitness courses in high school to maintain a healthy physique for the police academy and beyond.

Step 2: Take College Courses

Although a college degree isn't always required to become an officer, police units may prefer their new recruits to take 1-2 years of college courses, such as those found in criminal justice or law enforcement programs. A bachelor's degree is required if you want to work for a federal police agency. Associate's and bachelor's degree programs in law enforcement and criminal justice prepare potential officers for the job with coursework in criminal law, forensics and criminal behavior.

Step 3: Pass the Civil Service Exam

Before being hired as a police officer, you need to successfully complete a civil service exam administered by local agencies. The process involves physical tests, including sight, hearing and strength. These aspects are all attributes that police officers use on the job. You'll also take a written examination, which tests your observation, reasoning and judgment skills, among others.

Step 4: Graduate from a Police Academy

Once you're hired, you'll most likely be enrolled in a police academy to acquire the necessary training. Academies train prospective policemen in all the essentials, such as traffic control, firearm use, constitutional law and first aid. Police academy training may take between 12-14 weeks to complete. You'll probably need to undergo a medical examination and background check to be considered.

Step 5: Advance Your Career

You will start your career as a uniformed officer. You may be eligible for promotion after a probationary period of six months to three years, per the BLS. You may advance your career through additional training in self-defense, crowd-control techniques and law enforcement technology. With enough experience, you could become a detective.

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