How to Become a Polysomnographer in 5 Steps
Polysomnographers conduct sleep-study tests to identify sleep and breathing disorders in patients. Learn what it takes to work in this profession, including education, training and certification requirements. Schools offering Respiratory Therapy degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
What Is a Polysomnographer?
Polysomnographers are allied health professionals who work in sleep laboratories equipped with beds and surveillance monitors. The polysomnographer's aim is to assist individuals who may have sleep disorders or breathing disorders related to sleeping. Their work aids in the diagnosis of conditions such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy, nighttime panic attacks and sleep paralysis. A polysomnographer may perform his or her duties during the daytime or on overnight shifts.
Step 1: Familiarize Yourself with a Polysomnographer's Responsibilities
Polysomnographers first collect their patients' medical histories. They then take vital signs and inform patients about the procedures they're about to undergo. Next, the polysomnographer prepares and calibrates equipment and applies sensors and electrodes to different areas of their patients' bodies, including the legs, chest and scalp. The sensors enable them to track brain waves, eye movements, nose and mouth airflow, muscle movements and heart rate. As the patients slumber, the polysomnographer observes their sleep patterns and takes detailed notes of any unusual occurrences during various sleep stages. The polysomnographer's findings are then presented to a sleep physician, who formulates a diagnosis.
Step 2: Locate an Educational Program
According to the American Association of Sleep Technologists (AAST), if you aspire to become a polysomnographer, you should enroll in an accredited educational training program. Educational programs for the polysomnography profession aren't commonplace. As of 2011, the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) listed only about 33 accredited polysomnographic technologist college programs nationwide. You can obtain either a certificate, diploma or an associate's degree in polysomnographic technology, which can take 1-2 years to complete.
Alternatively, a number of sleep centers across the country which an 80-hour Accredited Sleep Technologist Education Program called A-STEP. The program was developed by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). A self-study polysomnography module is also offered. When you have completed the course, you'll be given a final examination, on which you must score 70% or better. Programs other than A-STEP may also qualify you to sit for the certification examination.
Step 3: Complete Educational Training
Through CAAHEP, you can find accredited polysomnography programs offered by universities and community colleges. They may offer classroom experience as well as night-shift clinical rotations within actual sleep laboratories. As a student of a polysomnography program, you'll study such topics as electrocardiogram (EKG) theory and application, medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, algebra and polysomnography laboratory.
Step 4: Become Certified
In order to become a registered polysomnography technologist, you'll have to successfully complete the Registered Polysomnographic Technologist (RPSGT) examination. The multiple-choice test is administered by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists (BRPT). When you pass the test, you'll be awarded the RPSGT credential. Upon graduation from a CAAHEP-accredited education program, you can qualify immediately to take the RPSGT examination. Otherwise, you can combine sufficient work experience or previous healthcare licensing with A-STEP training to qualify to take the certification examination.
Step 5: Begin Your Job Search
After acquiring educational training and credentialing, you can begin your job search. Jobs are commonly available at sleep disorder clinics, but you might also seek employment in a research laboratory. Other opportunities may exist in the offices of doctors and in hospital polysomnography laboratories.
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