What Are the Job Duties of an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)?

Would you like a fast-paced job in the medical field? An emergency medical technician (EMT) travels to the scene of an emergency and provides initial on-site assessments, basic medical care, and transportation of patients for advanced medical treatment. Read on for a more in-depth look at the job duties and training required of EMTs. Schools offering Fire & Emergency Services degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Job Description

Your job duties as an EMT can depend on your level of training and experience, as well as state regulations. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) offers certification at five levels, and each level involves additional training in order to perform a greater variety of medical treatments (www.nremt.org). The most common levels of training for EMTs are EMT - Basic, EMT - Intermediate, and EMT - Paramedic (commonly called paramedics). The NREMT also certifies EMR (emergency medical responders) and advanced EMTs, although these levels of certification are not recognized in all states. All emergency medical technicians are responsible for rushing to the scene of crisis and can perform basic life-saving techniques, including:

  • Patient assessment
  • Burn management
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Emergency birth assistance
  • Extrication of patients from dangerous situations

Job Duties by Level of Certification

Emergency Medical Technician - Basic (EMT - B)

EMTs - Basic have the fewest job duties of all EMTs because their training is more limited. As an EMT - B, you can provide beginning, non-invasive emergency care and give life support under the supervision of an EMT - Intermediate or paramedic. Some common medical treatments that you might perform include:

  • Controlling bleeding
  • Bandaging injuries
  • Splinting broken bones
  • Using automated external defibrillators (AEDs)

Emergency Medical Technician - Intermediate (EMT - I)

EMTs - Intermediate have more extensive job duties than EMTs - Basic, but their responsibilities vary greatly by location. Depending on your state of residence, you may be able to provide patients with a limited amount of medication. In general, you are trained for expanded responsibilities that include:

  • Cardiac monitoring
  • Administering IV treatment
  • Performing advanced airway techniques

Emergency Medical Technician - Paramedic (paramedic)

Paramedics hold the most training and the greatest number of job duties. As a paramedic, you'll be trained to give advanced life support, and usually you can provide a greater number of medications. You'll also perform the same job duties as other types of EMTs, but your advanced training can allow you to perform these additional duties:

  • Evaluating medical records
  • Providing blood transfusions
  • Performing nasogastric intubation

Education and Certification Requirements

Most states require you to complete a certificate program in emergency medical technician training in order to qualify for state or national certification exams. Many community colleges also offer associate's degree programs at the paramedic level. In general, basic and intermediate emergency medical technician training can be completed in six months, while paramedic training may take one to two years to complete, depending on whether you choose to earn a certificate or an associate's degree.

Every state requires emergency medical technicians to be licensed in order to practice. Some states also require you to complete certification through NREMT, in addition to state board certification. State licensing exams typically consist of a written portion and a skills test. Once licensed, you'll need to earn continuing education credits to maintain your credentials.

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

  • 1. Degree Options:

Popular Schools

  • DeVry University

    DeVry University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at DeVry University:

    • Bachelor Degrees

    Online and Campus-Based Programs Available:

    View All Locations
    • Anywhere: Online Campus
    • Arizona: Glendale, Mesa, Phoenix
    • California: Alhambra, Anaheim, Bakersfield, Colton, Daly City, Elk Grove, Fremont, Fresno, Long Beach, Oakland, Oxnard, Palmdale, Pomona, San Diego, San Jose, Sherman Oaks
    • Colorado: Colorado Springs, Greenwood Village, Westminster
    • Florida: Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville, Miami, Miramar, Orlando, Tampa
    • Georgia: Alpharetta, Atlanta, Decatur, Duluth, Stockbridge
    • Illinois: Addison, Chicago, Downers Grove, Elgin, Gurnee, Naperville, Tinley Park
    • Indiana: Indianapolis, Merrillville
    • Maryland: Bethesda
    • Michigan: Southfield
    • Minnesota: Edina
    • Missouri: Kansas City, Saint Louis
    • North Carolina: Charlotte, Morrisville
    • New Jersey: Cherry Hill, North Brunswick, Paramus
    • Nevada: Henderson
    • New York: New York, Rego Park
    • Ohio: Cincinnati, Columbus, Dayton, Seven Hills
    • Oklahoma: Oklahoma City
    • Oregon: Portland
    • Pennsylvania: Fort Washington, King of Prussia, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh
    • Tennessee: Memphis, Nashville
    • Texas: Austin, Fort Worth, Houston, Irving, Richardson, San Antonio, Sugar Land
    • Utah: Sandy
    • Virginia: Arlington, Chesapeake, Manassas
    • Washington: Bellevue, Federal Way, Lynnwood
    • Wisconsin: Milwaukee
  • Kaplan University

    Kaplan University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Kaplan University:

    Online Programs Available

  • ITT Technical Institute

    ITT Technical Institute responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at ITT Technical Institute:

    • Master

    Campus-Based Programs Available:

    View All Locations
    • Arizona: Phoenix
    • California: Rancho Cordova
    • Florida: Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville, Lake Mary, Miami, Tampa, West Palm Beach
    • Idaho: Boise
    • Kansas: Overland Park, Wichita
    • Kentucky: Lexington, Louisville
    • Michigan: Canton
    • Missouri: Earth City
    • Ohio: Akron, Dayton, Hilliard, Norwood, Strongsville, Warrensville Heights, Youngstown
    • Oklahoma: Oklahoma City, Tulsa
    • Tennessee: Nashville
    • Texas: Richardson
    • Virginia: Chantilly, Norfolk, Richmond, Salem, Springfield
    • West Virginia: Huntington
  • Capella University

    Capella University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Capella University:

    • Doctoral
    • Master
    • Bachelor Degrees

    Online Programs Available

  • Herzing University

    Herzing University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Herzing University:

    Online Programs Available

  • Baker College Online

    Baker College Online responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Baker College Online:

    Online Programs Available

  • Sanford-Brown

    Sanford-Brown responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Sanford-Brown:

    Campus-Based Programs Available:

    View All Locations
    • Florida: Jacksonville, Tampa
    • Georgia: Atlanta
    • Minnesota: Brooklyn Center
    • New Jersey: Iselin
    • New York: Garden City, Melville, New York
    • Texas: Dallas, Houston, San Antonio
  • Grand Canyon University

    Grand Canyon University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Grand Canyon University:

    Online Programs Available

  • Penn Foster Career School

    Penn Foster Career School responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Penn Foster Career School:

    • Certificates

    Online Programs Available

  • Saint Joseph's University

    Saint Joseph's University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Saint Joseph's University:

    Online Programs Available

  • Brandman University

    Brandman University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Brandman University:

    • Certificates

    Online and Campus-Based Programs Available:

    View All Locations
    • Anywhere: Online Campus
    • California: Culver City, Fairfield, Hanford, Irvine, Menifee, Monterey, Ontario, Palm Desert, Palmdale, Riverside, Roseville, Salida, San Diego, Santa Clarita, Santa Maria, Victorville, Visalia, Walnut Creek, Yuba City
    • Washington: Lacey
  • Western Governors University

    Western Governors University responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at Western Governors University:

    • Master

    Online Programs Available

  • University of Phoenix

    University of Phoenix responds quickly to information requests through this website.

    Popular programs at University of Phoenix:

    Online and Campus-Based Programs Available:

    View All Locations
    • Anywhere: Online Campus
    • Arizona: Mesa, Phoenix, Tempe, Tucson, Yuma
    • California: Bakersfield, Beale AFB, Costa Mesa, Diamond Bar, El Centro, Fairfield, Fresno, Gardena, La Palma, Lancaster, Lathrop, Livermore, Murrieta, Oakland, Ontario, Palm Desert, Pasadena, Sacramento, Salida, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Jose, San Marcos, Visalia, Woodland Hills
    • Colorado: Lone Tree, Westminster
    • Florida: Ft Lauderdale, Miami, Miramar
    • Georgia: Atlanta, Columbus, Sandy Springs
    • Hawaii: Honolulu, Kapolei
    • Illinois: Chicago, Schaumburg
    • Michigan: Detroit, Southfield
    • Pennsylvania: Philadelphia
    • Tennessee: Chattanooga, Cordova
    • Texas: Arlington, Austin, Dallas, Houston, Killeen, Spring

 More Schools