What Is School Administration?
School Administration officers oversee the daily operations of schools, colleges, universities, day care centers and preschools. A school administrator's specific responsibilities differ between organizations but often times these administrators are the only link between the students and the local community. Schools offering College Administration & Leadership degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
School Administration officers advocate for the students within their community and set goals and objectives to further children's education, according to the American Association of School Administrators, www.aasa.org. Although most school administrators work in educational organizations, some work in businesses, museums and community organizations where they manage educational programs, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov.
Elementary, Middle and High School Administration
School administrators in elementary, middle and high schools, also known as principals, usually have master's or doctoral degrees in leadership or administration. However, many administrators in private schools have only bachelor's degrees, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
School Administration in both public and private schools supervises teachers, counselors, coaches, librarians and support staff. Principals are also responsible for:
- Hiring and evaluating teachers
- Setting goals and objectives
- Communicating with parents, students and community members
- Preparing budgets
College and University Administration
Most administrators at a college or university began their career as a professor, so most postesecondary-level School Administration professionalshave master's or doctoral degrees, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. School administrators at a college or university oversee departments, both educational and recreational, or they help the president of the university oversee the entire campus.
The responsibilities of these school administrators vary depending on the size of the college or university and the number of students enrolled at the institution. Regardless of the school's size, college administrators usually handle things like:
- Hiring faculty
- Drafting budgets
- Creating policies and programs
- Raising money
- Advocating for students
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